Antivirus Software

Contents
  1. Latest Windows 11 Security Threats
  2. List of Possible Threats from Microsoft
  3. Purpose
  4. Do I Need Antivirus Software?
  5. History
  6. Brief History of Malware
  7. Creeper Virus
  8. First Worm Appear
  9. Types of Malware
  10. Various types of Malware
  11. Trojan Horse
  12. Possible Damage
  13. Types of Trojan
  14. First Trojan
  15. Recent Example
  16. Rootkit
  17. Backdoor
  18. Infectious Malware
  19. Virus
  20. Worm
  21. Ransomware
  22. Screen Locking
  23. Encryption Based
  24. Grayware
  25. Adware
  26. Spyware
  27. Fleeceware
  28. Dialers
  29. Jokeware
  30. PUP
  31. Malware Risks
  32. How do You Get Infected With Malware?
  33. Vulnerable software
  34. Excessive privileges
  35. Weak passwords
  36. Types of Software for Threats
  37. Software against Malware types
  38. Prevent Access
  39. Regulate Access
  40. Monitor Access
  41. Malware Removal or Blocking
  42. Malware Identification Methods
  43. Signature-based detection
  44. Heuristics
  45. Rootkit detection
  46. Real-time protection
  47. What is Next Generation Antivirus?
  48. Next Gen AV vs. Legacy AV
  49. Summary: What to Look For In Antivirus Software
  50. Antivirus Software Companies and Products
  51. Free Antivirus Software
  52. Free Antiviruses List
  53. Home & Enterprise Commercial Antiviruses
  54. Windows PC
  55. Avast
  56. One
  57. AVG
  58. Title for This Block
  59. Cloud / 5 devices
  60. Avira
  61. Internet Security
  62. Bitdefender
  63. Antivirus Plus
  64. Comodo
  65. Antivirus Plus
  66. Dr. Web
  67. Antivirus Plus
  68. ESET
  69. NOD32 Antivirus
  70. Kaspersky
  71. Total Security
  72. Malwarebytes
  73. Premium
  74. McAfee
  75. Antivirus Plus
  76. Norton
  77. Antivirus Plus
  78. Norton 360 Deluxe
  79. Panda
  80. Antivirus Plus
  81. Qihoo 360
  82. Sophos
  83. Trend Micro
  84. Antivirus Plus
  85. MacOS
  86. Clario
  87. Intego
  88. Quick Heal
  89. Webroot
  90. Mobile
  91. Alternatives to Antivirus Software
  92. Hardware and Network Firewall
  93. Cloud Antivirus
  94. Online Scanning
  95. Specialized Tools
  96. Additional Information
  97. FAQ
  98. Latest Threats
  99. Glossary
  100. Recent Threats
  101. Links
  102. Databases

Antivirus software is a computer program that helps protect your computer against malware and other types of threats. It does this by scanning your computer for viruses and other types of infections, and then removing them or preventing them from infecting your computer in the first place.

Latest Windows 11 Security Threats

Important Information

Critical – CVE-2021-22947

Open Source Curl Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Important – CVE-2021-36976

Libarchive Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Important – CVE-2022-21919

Windows User Profile Service Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability

Important – CVE-2022-21836

Windows Certificate Spoofing Vulnerability

Important – CVE-2022-21874

Windows Security Center API Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Important – CVE-2022-21839

Windows Event Tracing Discretionary Access Control List Denial of Service Vulnerability (limited to Windows 10 and Windows Server 2019)

Purpose

Most people know that they need antivirus software to protect their computer from viruses, but many don’t know the full extent of what antivirus software can do. Antivirus software is designed to protect your computer from all sorts of malware, including ransomware and encryption-based ransomware. Without antivirus software, your computer is vulnerable to all sorts of attacks that can lead to data loss or even total system failure.

Do I Need Antivirus Software?

Yes, you do need antivirus software. Your computer is constantly at risk of being infected by a virus, and without antivirus software, your data and files are vulnerable. Antivirus software helps protect your computer from viruses and other malware, so it’s essential for keeping your computer safe and secure.

History

Malware is a broad term used to describe all sorts of malicious software, from viruses and trojans to worms and ransomware. While the history of malware can be traced back to the early days of computing, the first known virus appeared in 1971. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the history of malware, starting with the first virus.

Creeper Virus

The first virus, known as the “Creeper virus,” was created in 1971 by Bob Thomas. The Creeper virus was designed to infect DEC PDP-10 computers running the TENEX operating system. The virus would copy itself from one system to another, and would display the message “I’m the creeper, catch me if you can!”

In 1982, a virus known as the “Elk Cloner” became the first virus to infect Apple computers. The Elk Cloner virus was spread by floppy disk, and would display a message on the infected computer’s screen saying “Elk Cloner: The program with a personality.”

First Worm Appear

In 1987, the first worm appeared. Unlike viruses, which require human interaction to spread, worms are self-replicating and can spread automatically. The first worm, known as the “Morris Worm,” was created by a graduate student at Cornell University named Robert T. Morris. The Morris Worm was designed to exploit vulnerabilities in Unix systems, and ended up infecting over 6,000 computers.

Types of Malware

Types of malware can be classified into many different categories, but the three most common types are viruses, spyware, and ransomware. Each type of malware has its own unique purpose and can cause serious damage to your computer if not removed quickly.

Trojan Horse

Trojan Horse is a type of Malware that uses stealth to infect a computer system. It can remain undetected for long periods of time, and once it’s inside, it can do a lot of damage. Trojan Horses are often used to steal information or to take control of the system.

Possible Damage

  • Deleting data
  • Blocking data
  • Modifying data
  • Copying data
  • Disrupting the performance of computers or computer networks

Unlike computer viruses and worms, Trojans are not able to self-replicate.

Types of Trojan

Backdoor

Backdoor Trojan is a type of Trojan Horse Malware that gives the hacker a backdoor into your computer, allowing them to access and control your system remotely. This can allow them to steal data, install other malware, or just cause general havoc.

Ransom

This type of trojan can dramatically slow down your computer’s performance, making it difficult to do anything else until you pay the ransom.

SMS

SMS Trojans are a type of malware that use text messages to infect mobile devices. The message may look like it’s from a friend or a trusted source, but in reality, it’s from the Trojan. Once the victim opens the message, the malware is installed on their device and can do anything from stealing data to sending premium SMS.

Banker

Designed to steal users credit card information, passwords, and other account details, to get access to their finance accounts.

Downloader

A downloader type trojan is a type of malware that uses a vulnerability in the victim’s computer to install other malicious files. This can include ransomware, spyware, or adware. The downloader trojan will often use social engineering techniques to trick the user into installing it, such as pretending to be an update for a popular program or posing as a fake website.

Infostealer

Uses various methods to steal information from infected systems. This information can include passwords, credit card numbers, and other sensitive data. Trojans are often distributed through spam emails or malicious websites.

Remote Access

Remote access Trojans (RATs) are ones of the most common type of malware, that give an attacker control over a victim’s computer, often without the victim’s knowledge. RATs can be used to steal data, spy on the user, or even take full control of the system.

DDOS Attack

A DDOS attack type trojan is a malware that uses a Trojan horse to infect a computer and allow attackers to remotely control the system as part of a botnet. Botnets are networks of compromised systems used to launch Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, among other nefarious activities.

First Trojan

Called ANIMAL, the first Trojan (although there is some debate as to whether this was a Trojan, or simply another virus) was developed by computer programmer John Walker in 1975, according to Fourmilab

Recent Example

Zeus Gameover is part of the “Zeus” family of malware and viruses.

Rootkit

A type of malware that gives the attacker access to the system at a much deeper level than other types of malware. This allows them to hide their presence on the system and carry out malicious activities without being detected.

Backdoor

Backdoors are a type of malware often used by hackers to gain access to a computer system or network without the owner’s knowledge or consent.

Infectious Malware

Infectious malware is a type of malware that spreads quickly and easily. The most common sub-types of this malware are viruses and worms.

Virus

A virus is a type of malware that inserts itself into a program or file and then spreads to other programs and files on the same computer or to other computers connected to the same network.

Worm

Like viruses, worms are also designed to spread themselves from computer to computer, but they don’t need to attach themselves to programs or files.

Ransomware

Ransomware, a type of malware, holds your computer or files hostage until you pay a ransom. The ransomware will encrypt your data and then demand payment in order to release it. Paying the ransom does not always guarantee access to your files again.

Screen Locking

Screen-locking ransomware is a type of ransomware malware that, as the name suggests, locks your computer screen until you pay a ransom. This can be a very effective way to extort money from victims, as they may not know how to unlock their screens or may not have access to the files they need.

Encryption Based

This type of ransomware is particularly dangerous because it uses strong encryption to lock down files on the victim’s computer, making them inaccessible.

Grayware

Grayware is a type of malware that has been on the rise in recent years. Below are the most common types of grayware (sometimes called “greyware”).

Adware

Adware is a type of malware that, once installed on your computer, displays unwanted ads on your screen. While adware is not as dangerous as other types of malware, it can be very irritating and can slow down your computer. Adware is often installed without the user’s knowledge or consent, and can be difficult to remove.

Spyware

Spyware is a type of malware that can be installed on your computer without your knowledge. It can track your activities online and collect personal information, which can be used to steal your identity or for other malicious purposes. It can also slow down your computer and cause other problems.

Fleeceware

Fleeceware is a type of malware that uses keywords in SMS messages, subscription offers, and app downloads to trick users into inadvertently installing malicious software. Once installed, fleeceware can rack up charges on the user’s phone bill without their knowledge or consent.

Dialers

Dialers are a type of malware that use keywords to make calls to premium numbers, often resulting in unwanted charges on the victim’s phone bill.

Jokeware

It often disguises itself as an interesting or funny file, but once installed, can wreak havoc on your device.

PUP

Potentiall Unwanted Programs (PUP) is a type of unwanted apps, which often also includes previously discussed types of grayware, such as Adware or spyware. However, PUA’s or PUP’s are not always classified as a malware.

Malware Risks

Malicious software can infect your computer in a number of ways, including through email attachments, infected websites, and even through legitimate-looking programs that are actually malware in disguise. Once your computer is infected, the malware can do anything from stealing your personal information to rendering your machine unusable.

Malware can enter your computer in many ways, but the most common is through downloads or attachments from emails. Other methods include infected USB drives, hacked websites, malicious pop-ups, and software vulnerabilities.

Vulnerable software

Vulnerable software is any program that doesn’t have the latest security updates installed. This leaves your computer open to attack by malware that exploits those vulnerabilities.

Excessive privileges

When you grant programs too many rights and permissions, they can easily infect your system and cause all sorts of damage. This is why it’s important to be very careful about which programs you give elevated access to and to revoke those permissions when they’re no longer needed.

Weak passwords

It’s no secret that weak passwords are a major security vulnerability. Hackers can easily exploit them to gain access to your computer, email account, or online financial accounts. Hackers can use brute force methods to guess your password, or they can simply buy lists of common passwords online. Either way, it’s important to use strong passwords to protect yourself from these threats.

Types of Software for Threats

PC Security Software Types.

Prevent Access

Regulate Access

Firewalls

Monitor Access

Malware Removal or Blocking

Antivirus Software, like Antiviruses, Security Suites and Virus Removal Tools

Signature-based detection

Signature-based detection is a method of malware detection that relies on a list of known malware signatures. When a piece of software is scanned, its signature is compared to the signatures in the database. If there is a match, the software is considered to be malware.

Heuristics

Heuristics analysis is a technique that anti-virus software uses to identify malware. It is a kind of detective work, where the software looks at the characteristics of files and programs to see if they match up with known malware. This can be tricky, because new malware is often designed to look like innocent files, but heuristics analysis can help anti-virus software to stay one step ahead.

Rootkit detection

Rootkit detection is a method of malware identification that involves looking for signs of infection that are not typically visible to the naked eye. This can include things like hidden files or folders, unusual process activity, and changes to system settings that have been made without the user’s knowledge.

Real-time protection

A type of malware identification procedure, that can scan files as they are being accessed or downloaded, and identify any that match known patterns of malware. This can help to prevent malicious code from being executed on a computer, and can also provide a way to remove any malware that may have already been installed.

What is Next Generation Antivirus?

Next Generation Antivirus, also known as NextGen AV, is a term used to describe the latest generation of antivirus software. It usually refers to software that uses multiple detection methods to protect against malware, including artificial intelligence, behavioral detection, machine learning algorithms, and exploit mitigation. Next Gen AV often incorporates machine learning and artificial intelligence into its detection methods.

Next Gen AV vs. Legacy AV

Unknown Threats Detection

Endpoint Impact

Time-to-value

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Source: CrowdStrike

Summary: What to Look For In Antivirus Software

Best Antivirus Software, includes following set of features:

  • Machine learning and artificial intelligence to prevent known and unknown malware
  • Item 3

Antivirus Software Companies and Products

It’s no secret that computer viruses are a major problem. In fact, antivirus software is now a multi-billion dollar industry. So it’s not surprising that there are so many different antivirus programs on the market. But which one should you choose?

Free Antivirus Software

Notification about Free Antiviruses
The free versions usually have weaker defenses against viruses than the paid versions. However, free antiviruses often provides basic security, you better upgrade to paid software as soon as possible.

Free Antiviruses List

Kaspersky Free

Kaspersky security cloud free version

OS: Windows, Android, iOS

Bitdefender Antivirus Free Edition

More: Free download is also available for macOS  and Android

Avast Free Antivirus
Microsoft Windows Defender

OS: Windows 7, 8.1, 10, 11

Download: Included in your OS package.

Microsoft Security Essentials

A Free antivirus tool by Microsoft, which is not supported anymore, for Windows 8.1 and later, please download Microsoft Windows Defender by links above.

Version: 4.10.0209.0

OS: Windows 7 and Vista

Home & Enterprise Commercial Antiviruses

Recent PC Antivirus versions fully supports Windows 10 & Windows 11, and may not work on older Windows versions like Windows 7, 8.1, Vista, XP, etc.

Below are most popular Antivirus Software by various vendors, intended mostly for home use. If you need enterprise version, please visit the vendors website.

The Avast company has been providing quality antivirus software to users for over 25 years. With more than 400 million users worldwide, Avast is one of the most popular antivirus programs available.

Avast Premium Security

avast premium security
Premium Security
$ 4 .19

a month / 1 PC

  • Safe Shopping Feature
  • Fake websites and ransomware prevention
  • Remote control prevention
Our Review
Avast One
avast one

One

$ 4 .19

per month / 5 devices

  • Unlimited VPN access included
  • Password manager to protect passwords
  • Clean-up, speed up and device update

AVG Technologies is a security software company headquartered in Amsterdam, Netherlands. It was founded in 1991 by Jan Gritzbach and Tomáš Hofer. The company is best known for its antivirus software, but has also expanded into other areas of security, including online privacy, mobile security and PC tune-ups.

AVG Antivirus

Price: from $4.19 / month / 1 PC

Title for This Block

$ 99 .00

Subtitle for This Block

  • Package inclusion one
  • Package inclusion two
  • Package inclusion three
AVG Internet Security

Cloud / 5 devices

$ 4 .19

per month / 5 devices

  • Package inclusion one
  • Package inclusion two
  • Package inclusion three

Avira is a German multinational security software company that provides antivirus software, email and web security, and mobile security. The company was founded in 1986 by Wilhelm von Homburg and Tjark Auerbach. Avira has more than 400 million users worldwide.

Avira Internet Security

avira internet security

Internet Security

$ 34 .99

per year / 1 PC

  • Strong anti-malware solution
  • Built-in password manager
  • Powerful ad blocker
Our Review

Bitdefender is a leading global cybersecurity company that provides solutions to protect against a wide range of threats. Bitdefender’s products are used by millions of people and businesses around the world, and the company has been awarded numerous accolades for its innovation and excellence.

bitdefender antivirus plus

Antivirus Plus

$ 29 .99

per year / 3 PC

  • Strong real-time defense
  • Online fraud protection
  • Secure VPN included
Our Review

Bitdefender Internet Security

Comodo is a global innovator and developer of cyber security solutions, with a portfolio that includes award-winning antivirus software, endpoint security, cloud security, network security, and malware removal products.

Comodo Antivirus

Antivirus Plus

$ 29 .99

per year / 3 PC

  • 1sss
  • 2sss
  • 3sss
Our Review

Comodo Internet Security

Dr.Web is a Russian company that has been developing antivirus software since 1992. The company’s products are used by millions of people around the world and have received numerous awards for their quality and effectiveness.

Dr. Web Security Space

dr web security space

Antivirus Plus

$ 39 .90

per year / 1 PC + 1 Android

  • Works on PC, MacOS, Linux
  • Leading Antivirus Product
  • Free Android Protection
Our Review

ESET is a Slovakian company that has been providing antivirus software since 1992. It is one of the largest and most respected antivirus companies in the world, and its products are used by millions of people worldwide.

NOD32 Antivirus

NOD32 Antivirus

$ 39 .99

per year / 1 PC

  • Multilayered Active Protection
  • Legendary Technology
  • Free 30 days Trial
Our Review

Kaspersky Lab is a Russian multinational cybersecurity and anti-virus company headquartered in Moscow, Russia. It was founded in 1997 by Eugene Kaspersky, who is currently the CEO. Kaspersky Lab develops and sells antivirus software, internet security systems, password management software, and other computer security products.

Kaspersky Total Security

Total Security

$ 29 .99

per year / 5 devices

  • 24/7 Highest Level Protection
  • SafeMoney to protect your finance
  • Secure Fast VPN included
Our Review

Kaspersky Internet Security

Malwarebytes is a security company that specializes in the detection and removal of malware. The company was founded in 2008 by Marcin Kleczynski and Gary Miliefsky, and has since grown to become one of the leading providers of anti-malware software.

Malwarebytes Premium

Premium

$ 29 .99

per year / 3 PC

  • Strong real-time defense
  • Online fraud protection
  • Secure VPN included
Our Review

McAfee is a global security software company that provides comprehensive security solutions for consumers and businesses. The company’s products include antivirus software, firewalls, and other security applications. McAfee also offers online security services to protect users’ personal information and identities.

McAfee

Antivirus Plus

$ 29 .99

per year / 3 PC

  • Strong real-time defense
  • Online fraud protection
  • Secure VPN included
Our Review

Norton company is a leading security software company. It provides a wide range of security software, including antivirus software, computer security, and online security. The company also offers several other services, such as support for mobile devices and home users. Norton has been in business since 1991 and is headquartered in Mountain View, California.

norton antivirus plus

Antivirus Plus

$ 9 .99

per year / 1 device

  • Industry leading security algorithms
  • Large discount for the first year
  • Cloud backup storage and Smart Firewall
Our Review

Norton 360 (various pricing)

norton 360 deluxe

Norton 360 Deluxe

$ 29 .99

per year / 5 devices

  • Industry leading security algorithms
  • Complex PC and mobile protection
  • Cloud backup storage and Smart Firewall
Our Review

Panda Security, a subsidiary of WatchGuard Technologies Inc., is a leading global provider of cloud-based security solutions, with over 23 years of experience in the IT security industry. Panda’s mission is to make the world safe for businesses and consumers to connect and do business online. The company has a portfolio of products that span three categories: consumer, business, and enterprise.

Kaspersky Antivirus

Antivirus Plus

$ 29 .99

per year / 3 PC

  • Strong real-time defense
  • Online fraud protection
  • Secure VPN included
Our Review

Qihoo 360 is one of the most popular and successful companies in China. It provides a wide range of Internet-based services, including search, security, video, gaming, hardware and mobile products. The company has more than 500 million active users and over 740 employees.

360 Total Security

360 Total Security
$ 29 .99

per year / 3 PC

  • Strong real-time defense
  • Online fraud protection
  • Secure VPN included
Our Review

Sophos company is a global security software company that provides encryption, endpoint security, network security, and server security products to businesses and organizations of all sizes. The company has more than 100 million users in 150 countries. Sophos was founded in 1985 by Jan Hruska and Peter Lammer and is headquartered in Oxford, England.

Home
$ 44 .99

one year/ 10 device

  • One-time payment
  • Online fraud protection
  • Free Trial Download
Our Review

Trend Micro is a global leader in cybersecurity, providing a range of security software, including antivirus and malware protection, data loss prevention, and cloud security. The company was founded in Japan in 1988 and has since expanded to operate in over 100 countries.

Antivirus+ Security
trend micro antivirus plus security

Antivirus Plus

$ 19 .95

per year / 1 PC

  • Windows 11 Ready
  • Online fraud protection
  • Reasonably Priced
Our Review

Clario

MacKeeper

Intego

Virus Barrier

Mac Internet Security

Quick Heal

Webroot

Cheetah Mobile

Sourcefire

Alternatives to Antivirus Software

Hardware and Network Firewall

A hardware firewall is a device, while network firewall is a software, both of which protects an entire network of computers, from malware threats. Both of these solutions can be very helpful in preventing malware from getting onto your computer, as well as be a good alternative to antivirus software.

Cloud Antivirus

Cloud-based programmatic antivirus software delivered as a service, which means that you don’t have to worry about installation or updates. This anti-malware solution also provides real-time protection against the latest threats, so you can rest assured that your computer is always protected.

Online Scanning

Online malware scan tools, like VirusTotal, are antivirus and anti-malware scanning tools that are used to detect viruses, trojans, worms, and other malicious threats online. It operates in “online mode” which means that it can be accessed from any computer with internet access without the need to install any software on the user’s computer.

Specialized Tools

Several specialized tools can be used as alternatives to antivirus software. For example, virus removal tools are designed to remove stubborn infections that may be resistant to other forms of removal. Additionally, certain types of infection may only be removed by a specific type of tool. As such, it is important to have a variety of specialized tools at your disposal in order to be prepared for any situation.

Additional Information

Additional information about antivirus software can be found in the FAQ, Glossary and Links to valuable resources sections below.

FAQ

Latest Threats

  • How to Choose the Best Antivirus for Your Operating System?

    When it comes to choosing the best antivirus for your computer, it is important to consider the operating system that you are using. For example, Macs have their specific antivirus software, while Windows users can use a variety of programs. Here are a few tips on how to choose the right one for you:

    – Look out for reviews on security-related websites. This is a great way to get an idea of which programs are most popular and well-reviewed.
    – Consider the features that each program offers. Some antivirus programs offer more comprehensive protection than others.
    – Make sure to choose a program that is compatible with your operating system. Otherwise, it will not be able to properly protect your computer.
    – Keep in mind that antivirus programs can vary greatly in price. Some are free, while others can cost upwards of $100. Choose the one that fits your budget and needs.

Glossary

Databases

Rating
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